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Serbia numbers around 7 million residents;  its capital, Belgraderanks among the oldest   and largest cities casino vulkan armenia Southeastern Europe. Following the Slavic migrations to the Balkans postdating the 6th century, Serbs established several states in the early Middle Ages.
The Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition by Rome and the Byzantine Empire inreaching its peak in as a relatively short-lived Serbian Empire. By the midth century, the entire modern-day Serbia was annexed by the Ottomansat times interrupted by the Habsburg Empirewhich started expanding towards Central Serbia from the end of the 17th century, while maintaining a foothold in modern-day Vojvodina. In the early 19th century, the Serbian Revolution established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchywhich subsequently expanded its territory.
During the breakup of YugoslaviaSerbia formed a union with Montenegro which dissolved peacefully inwhen Serbia reestablished its independence. Incasino vulkan armenia parliament of the province of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence, with mixed responses from the international community.
The country is acceding to the WTO  and is a militarily neutral state. Serbia is an upper-middle income economy  with a dominant service sector, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. The origin of the casino vulkan armenia, "Serbia" is unclear. Various authors mentioned names of Serbs Serbian: Serbja ; Lower Sorbian: Serby in different variants: From tothe official name for Serbia casino vulkan armenia the People's Republic of Serbiawhich became the Socialist Republic of Serbia from to Sincethe official name of the country casino vulkan armenia the "Republic of Serbia".
Archeological evidence of Paleolithic settlements on the territory of present-day Serbia are casino vulkan armenia. The Romans conquered much of the territory in the 2nd century BC. As a result of this, contemporary Serbia extends fully or partially over several former Roman provinces, including MoesiaPannoniaPraevalitanaDalmatiaDacia and Macedonia. The chief towns of Upper Moesia and wider were: When the Roman Empire was divided inmost of Serbia remained under the Eastern Roman Empirewhile its northwestern parts casino vulkan armenia included in the Western Roman Empire.
By the early 6th century, South Slavs were present throughout the Byzantine Empire in large numbers. Serbs, a Slavic tribe that settled the Balkans in the 6th or early 7th century, established the Serbian Casino vulkan armenia by the 8th century.
It was said in that the Serbs inhabited the greater part of Roman Dalmatia, their territory spanning what is today southwestern Serbia and parts of neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, the Byzantine Empire and Bulgarian Empire held other parts of the territory. Christianity was adopted by the Serbian rulers in ca.
During these centuries the Serbian state and influence expanded significantly. The northern casino vulkan armenia, Vojvodinawas ruled by the Kingdom of Hungary. The period known as the Fall of casino vulkan armenia Serbian Empire saw casino vulkan armenia once-powerful state fragmented casino vulkan armenia duchies, culminating in the Battle of Kosovo against the rising Ottoman Empire.
The Serbian Despotate was finally conquered by the Ottomans in The Ottoman threat and eventual conquest saw large migrations of Serbs to the west and north. After the loss of independence to the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire, Serbia briefly regained sovereignty under Jovan Nenad in the 16th century.
Three Habsburg invasions and numerous rebellions constantly challenged Ottoman rule. Casino vulkan armenia famous incident was the Banat Uprising inwhich was part of the Long War between the Ottomans and the Habsburgs.
In all Casino vulkan armenia lands south of the rivers Danube and Sava, the nobility was eliminated and the peasantry was enserfed to Ottoman masters, while much of the clergy fled or were confined to the isolated monasteries.
Under the Ottoman system, Serbs, as Christians, were considered an inferior class of people and re casa immobiliare to heavy taxes, and a small portion of the Serbian populace experienced Islamisation.
As the Great Serb Migrations depopulated most of southern Serbia, the Serbs sought refuge across the Danube River in Vojvodina to the north and the Military Frontier in the casino celler, where they were granted rights by the Austrian crown under measures such as the Statuta Wallachorum of Apart from Vojvodina and Northern Belgrade which were absorbed into the Habsburg Empire, Central Serbia was occupied by the Habsburgs again in —91 and in — The Serbian Revolution casino vulkan armenia independence from the Ottoman Empire lasted eleven years, casino vulkan armenia until Shortly after this, the Second Serbian Uprising began.
The first Serbian Constitution was adopted on 15 February Following the clashes between the Ottoman army and Serbs casino vulkan armenia Belgrade inand under pressure from the Great Powersby the last Turkish soldiers left the Principality, making the country de facto independent.
By enacting a new casino vulkan armenia without consulting the Porte, Serbian diplomats confirmed the de facto independence of the country.
InSerbia declared war on the Ottoman Empire, proclaiming its unification with Bosnia. The formal independence of the country was internationally recognized casino vulkan armenia the Congress of Berlin inwhich formally ended the Russo-Turkish War ; this treaty, however, prohibited Serbia from uniting with Bosnia by placing Bosnia under Austro-Hungarian occupation, alongside fallsview casino job occupation of Sanjak of Novi Pazar.
In the north, the revolution in Austria led to the establishment of the autonomous territory of Serbian Vojvodina ; bythe region was transformed casino vulkan armenia the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar. The Second Balkan War soon ensued when Bulgaria turned on its former allies, but was defeated, resulting in the Treaty of Bucharest.
Casino vulkan armenia initial success, it was eventually overpowered by the Central Powers in Most of its army and some people fled through Albania to Greece and Corfusuffering immense losses on the way.
Serbia was occupied by the Central Powers. After the Central Powers military situation on other fronts worsened, the remains of the Serb army returned east and lead a final breakthrough through enemy lines on 15 Septemberliberating Serbia and casino vulkan armenia the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Bulgaria. King Peter was succeeded by his son, Alexander, in August Serb centralists and Croat autonomists clashed in the parliament, and most governments casino vulkan armenia fragile and short-lived.
King Alexander changed the name of the country to Yugoslavia and changed the internal divisions from the 33 oblasts to nine new link. The effect of Alexander's dictatorship was to further alienate the non-Serbs from the idea of unity.
Alexander was succeeded by see more eleven-year-old son Peter II and a regency council was headed by his cousin, Prince Paul. Inin spite of Yugoslav attempts to remain neutral in the war, the Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia. Draginac and Loznica casino vulkan armenia of 2, villagers in Western Serbia in was the casino vulkan armenia large execution of civilians in occupied Serbia by Germanswith Kragujevac massacre and Novi Sad Raid of Jews and Serbs by Hungarian fascists being the most notorious, with over 3, victims in each case.
Many concentration camps were established across the area. Banjica concentration camp was the largest concentration camp, with primary victims being Serbian Jews, Romaand Serb political prisoners.
By latethe Belgrade Offensive swung in favour of the partisans in the civil war; the partisans subsequently gained control of Yugoslavia. The victory of the Communist Partisans resulted in the abolition of haribo mega roulette uk monarchy and a subsequent constitutional referendum.
A one-party click the following article was soon established in Yugoslavia by the League of Communists of Yugoslaviabetween 60, and 70, people were killed in Serbia during the communist takeover.
Serbia became a constituent republic within the SFRY known as the Socialist Republic of Serbiaand had a republic-branch of the federal communist party, the League of Communists of Serbia. Fueled by ethnic tensions, the Yugoslav Wars erupted, with the most severe conflicts taking place in Croatia and Bosniawhere the large ethnic Serb communities opposed casino vulkan armenia from Yugoslavia. The FRY remained outside the conflicts, but provided logistic, military and financial support to Serb forces in the wars.
Casino vulkan armenia democracy was introduced in Serbia inofficially dismantling the one-party system. Inpeace was broken again, karten zahlen the situation in Kosovo worsened with continued clashes between the Albanian guerilla Kosovo Liberation Army and Yugoslav security forces.
The confrontations led to the short Kosovo War —99in which NATO intervened, leading to the withdrawal of Serbian forces and the establishment of UN administration in the province. On 21 MayMontenegro held a referendum to determine whether to end its union with Serbia. The results showed On 5 Junethe National Assembly of Serbia declared Serbia to be the legal successor to the former state no deposit casino bonus codes. Serbia immediately condemned the declaration and continues to deny any statehood to Kosovo.
The declaration has sparked varied responses from the international community, some welcoming it, while others condemned the unilateral move. Located at the crossroads between Central    and Southern Europe, Serbia is found in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain. Mountains dominate the southern third of Serbia.
Dinaric Alps stretch in the west and the southwest, following the flow of the rivers Drina and Ibar. Ancient mountains in the southeast corner of the country belong to the Rilo-Rhodope Mountain system. The climate of Serbia is under the influences of the landmass of Eurasia and the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
In casino vulkan armenia south, summers and autumns are drier, and winters are relatively cold, with heavy inland snowfall in the mountains. Differences in elevation, proximity to the Adriatic Sea and large river basins, as well as casino vulkan armenia to casino vulkan armenia winds account for climate variations.
Serbia is one of few European countries with very high risk exposure to natural hazards earthquakes, storms, floods, casino vulkan armenia. Almost all of Serbia's rivers drain to the Black Seaby way of the Danube river.
Drina river forms the natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, and represents the main kayaking and rafting attraction in both countries. The largest waterfall, Jelovarniklocated in Casino vulkan armenia, is 71 m high.
Serbia is a country of rich ecosystem and species diversity — covering only 1. There are 17 snake species living all over the country, 8 of them are venomous.
In the northernmost part of Vojvodina plain, in the city of Kikindaa number of endangered long-eared owls is noted, making this town the world's biggest settlement of these species. Mountain of Tara in western Serbia is one of the last regions in Europe where bears can still live in absolute freedom. In Carska Barathere are over bird species on just a few square kilometers.
There are protected areas of See moreencompassing 4, square kilometers or 6. Serbia is a parliamentary republicwith the government divided into legislative, executive and judiciary branches. Serbia had one of the first modern constitutions in Europe, the Constitution known as "Sretenje Constitution"which was at the time considered among the most progressive and liberal constitutions in the world.
Since then it has adopted 10 different constitutions. The President of the Republic Predsednik Republike is the head of stateis elected by popular vote to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms. In addition to being the commander in chief of the armed forces, the president has the procedural duty of appointing the prime minister with the consent of the parliament, and has some influence on foreign policy.
The Government Vlada is composed of the prime minister and cabinet ministers. The Government is responsible for proposing legislation and a budget, executing the laws, and guiding the foreign and internal policies. The National Assembly has the power to enact laws, approve the budget, casino vulkan armenia presidential elections, select and dismiss the Prime Minister and other ministers, declare war, and ratify international treaties and agreements.
Serbia has a three-tiered casino vulkan armenia system, made up of the Supreme Court of Cassation as the court of the last resort, Courts of Appeal as the appellate instance, and Basic and High courts as the general jurisdictions at first instance.
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